Language of the Outback

Family Tree Novel Series Language of the Outback

Adopting new words and terms helps better describe your Outback and how you lived it. Family Tree Novel readers are introduced to a variety of Australian, American, and Qweepie vernacular throughout the novel series. Choose to adopt or to adapt these terms in your Outback language.

Aborigine: the Australian people whose ancestors were indigenous to the continent before colonization

Aint: aunt

Aussie: Australian

Aussie Aussie Aussie, Oi Oi Oi: is a cheer or chant often performed at Australian sport events

Australia: flat, dry, country that is also a continent the size of the United States

Barbecue: both a cooking method and an apparatus, meat is cooked slowly over low, indirect heat and flavored by the smoking process. Also the title of the Dawson Springs’s annual homecoming event established in 1949.

Baccastix: name given by Driew to a tobacco stick used to hang tobacco plants from scaffolds and tobacco barns. Driew’s baccastix burns with a low level light, similar to a torch.

Barbie: barbecue grill for grilling food

Billa bing bong boom: falling head over heals

Billa bong: ponds created when a creek or river waterway changes path, leaving the branch as a dead end

Bloody: very

Boomerang: a curved, flat piece of wood traditionally used by Australian Aborigines as a hunting weapon (Gulia also uses this as a term to mean “right back at you” or “come again” and to avoid saying something mean-spirited)

Blue: fight (“He was having a blue with his sister.”)

Bluey: pack, equipment, toe, also redhead

Boozer: heavy drinker of alcohol

Bother: male sibling referred to as brother

Bounce: a bully

Bourbon: a barrel-aged, distilled spirit made primarily from corn

Bushie: someone who lives in the bush

By jingo: an expression of assent or assurance

Caddywompus: non-derogatory word to describe functions or actions associated with uncharacteristic behaviors, socially or physically

Calaboose: jail

Candlestix: name given by Driew to a flaming wooden “stick” that burns with a low level light, similar to a torch

Cassowary: large flightless bird native to Australia, shy until provoked, what capabilities to inflict fatal injuries to dogs and people

Chrissie: Christmas

Cicada: an insect with wide-set eyes and membrane-like wings. Its loud, cryptic song is produced by dreamlike vibrations. It is divided into two species that live in Australia and around the world.

Colour: Australian English uses ‘our’ and American English ‘or’ spelling for the word color

Coydog: a wild, candid hybrid resulting from a coyote and a dog mating

Cricket: a bat and ball game with eleven players; the world’s second most popular sport

Crikey: in awe, amazed, astonished

Darwin: a capital city in Australia

Digger: a soldier

Dingo: free-range, wild dog introduced into Australia’s habitat

Doovalacky: used whenever a person cannot remember what something is called

Down Under: term comes from the fact that Australia is located in the Southern Hemisphere

Estray: legal term, any domestic animal wandering ownerless

Extinction: the end of a species

Fella: also spelled fellow, feller, fullah, fulla, and balla, and is combined with adjectives or numerals, or is used to indicate plural pronouns. Examples: big fella business = ”important business;” one-feller girl = ”one girl;” sing out, big fella = ”call out loudly;” me fella = ”we” or ”us.”

Feral: became wild after escaping captivity or civilization

Florida: 27th state of the United States, a southeastern U.S. peninsula between the Gulf of Mexican and the Atlantic Ocean, nickname the “Sunshine State” for its numerous days of sunlight

Fossick: prospector or to search, rummage. Example: “Are you fossicking through the garbage?”

Furphy: false or unreliable rumor

Galah: fool, silly person

G’Day: hello

Georgia: 4th state of the United States, has the largest land mass of any U.S. state east of the Mississippi River, nickname the “Peach State” for its peach trees

Govies: governesses

Half past: time is told as half past the hour

Heterochromia: dual eye color condition thought to be hereditary, a disease, or caused by an injury

Holiday: vacation

Joey: infant marsupial

Kentucky: 15th state of the United States, centrally located and nicknamed the “Bluegrass State” for the bluegrass found in many of its pastures due to the fertile soil

Knock back: refusal (noun), refuse (verb)

Kussin: cousin

Lacrosse: contact sport that uses a long-handled stick called a crosse

Lamingtons: a square sponge cake with chocolate icing and coconut dusted over the top

Larrikin: prankster

Malle: a eucalyptus species whose biomass is converted into ethanol or electricity (Hayder’s use the word to describe a type of moonshine created from the eucalyptus species’ biomass)

Mamaay: Australian grandfather

Marsupial: a class of mammals, most of which carry their young in a pouch

Mate: friend

Mickey Mouse: excellent, very good; in some parts of Australia the phrase means inconsequential, frivolous, or not good

Milk bar: corner shop that sells takeaway food

Milko: milkman

Mob: family, group of people, or herd of kangaroos

Momu: Australian grandmother

Mongrel: despicable person

Moolah: money

Mozzie: mosquito

Muddy: mud crab

Mum: mother

Never Never: the center of Australia, Outback

Northern Territory: third largest Australia federal division; the least populous of Australia’s eight major states and territories

Oldies: parents

Opal: rare, natural gemstone of Australia; formed in sandstone with some iron oxide content, usually as fossilized tree roots

Outback: interior of Australia, the back country, or back yard

Pennyrile: the geographic area of Kentucky named for the pennyroyal plant

Pennyroyal plant: a species of flowering plant with fragrant spearmint leaves, the essential oils of which are used in aromatherapy; the plant is also high in pulegone, a highly toxic volatile organic compound affecting liver and uterine function.

Platypus: a semiaquatic Australian mammal that lays eggs instead of giving birth, and the sole living representative of its family classification

Pig-footed bandicoot: a small marsupial of Australia that is presumed to be extinct

Poa: a genus of about 500 grass species, native to temperate regions of both hemispheres, and commonly named “bluegrass”

Quid: make a: earn a living

Ripper: great, fantastic

Sand Shoes: tennis shoes

Shag on a Rock: obvious

Shonky: underhanded

Sing-song: a repeated rising and falling rhythm of a person’s voice

Sinister: female sibling referred to as sister

Songline: one of many paths across land and sky, marking an Aboriginal creator-being’s route during dreaming

Spiffy: excellent, great

Stalactite: a type of mineral formation that hangs from the ceiling of caves, hot springs, or man-made structures such as bridges and mines

Stalagmite: a type of rock formation composed of minerals that rises from the cave floor due to the accumulation of material deposits

Sunshine State: official nickname of the U.S. state of Florida and the Australian state of Queensland

Swag: rolled up bedding etc. carried by a swagman

Spook: ghost-like apparition

Stuffed, I’ll be: expression of surprise

Ta: thank you

Tallo: water from a mineral spring, containing salts and sulfur compounds; may be “sparkling” due to gases

Tall poppy syndrome: when someone becomes popular others try to cut them down

Tasmania: an island state of the Commonwealth of Australia located south of the Australian mainland, and is the 26th-largest island in the world

Tasmanian tiger: thylacine or thylacinus cynocephalus (Greek for “dog-headed pouched one”), largest native Australian carnivorous marsupial of modern times, believed to be extinct. Named because of its striped lower back; also called Tasmanian wolf.

Testimony: proof or evidence of something by its appearance or existence

Tobacco: a product prepared from the cured leaves of the tobacco plant, which is used around the world

Tucker-bag: food bag

Uncool: uncle

Vegemite: dark brown Australian food paste prepared with various vegetable and spice additives combined with leftover brewer’s yeast extract

Victoria: territory of Southern Australia

Water Boarder: tourists who visited Dawson Springs wells between the 1890s and 1920s—the “Water Boarder” era

Water well: a structure dug into the ground to access groundwater in underground aquifers. Water is drawn by hand using buckets or mechanically by a pump. Well shaft linings of wood, stone, or metal create wall stability.

Willy Willy: whirlwinds that represent spirit forms in Aboriginal myths. Spirits may emerge from the spinning vortex of dirt and punish children who misbehave.

Wolle paper: handmade paper created from rotting Wollemi pine

Yer: your or you’re

Yowah nut: found in the far South Western mines at Yowah in Queensland, ironstone stones resembling ‘nuts’ which contain precious opal within their center

AR Reading Quiz for “G’DAY: Aints”

AR Reading Quiz for G’DAY: Aints

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1. Who are Driew’s tormentors in Moment One?

2. Which character is Driew’s “uncool” in this book?

3. Where did Driew learn Ida Mae’s fruit tree had grown?

4. What does Marq use as a trade for Jameson Junior’s mule, Kate?

5. What gift does Gulia receive from Momu?

6. What business does Chi and Mac start in Dawson Springs?

7. What event caused Nieve and Marq to leave their Florida home?

8. Which found object does Driew’s Magic Man use for the doll’s eyes?

9. What missing object did Killiope return to Driew at Nieve’s wake?

10. How does Gayle receive the money for her braces?

 

READING QUIZ KEY

G'DAY-Aints-www.mwa.company-Flat Book

 

Reading Group Guide for “G’DAY: Aints”

Reading Group Guide for G’DAY: Aints

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1. G’Day is defined as “hello.” How does the author parallel the book, G’Day: Aints, to the greeting “hello?”

2. Does “G’Day” appear to be a friendlier greeting than “hello” for the children?

3. Have you or someone you known ever suffered through the loss of a loved one? What action(s) did you observe at each stage of grief?

4. How does the loss of one person in your community affect relationships, finances, and businesses?

5. Are field trips and writing about local landmarks important to school age children to better understand their community and their roles for its future?

6. What are Driew’s perceptions of his little sinister, Gayle, and could she have been perceived differently if Driew had understood her sooner?

7. In what way(s) did Gayle’s friendship with Snow force Driew to grow? Is there a defining moment in Driew’s maturation?

8. How does Driew’s adopting the word “oldies” to replace the word “parents” influence your view of Driew’s parents? At what age did you see your parents as old and why?

9. How do you think Gayle would have handled being the youngest Qweepie sibling? What are some ways the youngest boy might be treated that the youngest girl wouldn’t be?

10. What action stops Gayle’s aggression toward Driew in moment nineteen? Do you have love line boundaries drawn in your own family relationship?

11. How does Gayle’s stealing influence Driew’s relationship with her, Snow, and Nadia? How might their relationship be different if she had been open sooner?

12. What role does Marq’s dependence on substance affect Driew’s family?

13. What role does “Aint” Nadia Eli play in Driew’s story? How does she influence Driew’s perspective of character traits?

G'DAY-Aints-www.mwa.company-Flat Book

 

AR Reading Quiz for “DOWN UNDER: Kussins”

AR Reading Quiz for DOWN UNDER: Kussins

16-Adams-FTN-DOWN UNDER-Reading Quiz

1. What state did Driew move from?

2. Which character is a “digger” in this book?

3. What artifacts do the Poe boys discover Outback?

4. Which marsupial does Driew adopt as a pet?

5. What country does Gulia visit on holiday?

6. What food attracts visitors to the Dawson Springs Annual Homecoming?

7. What name did Gulia and Driew give to their tree?

8. What found object does Driew use to light his way?

9. What summer responsibility does Marq give Driew instead of mowing?

10. Which of these characters is not Driew’s kussin?

 

READING QUIZ KEY

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AR Reading Quiz for “OUTBACK: Bothers & Sinisters”

AR Reading Quiz for OUTBACK: Bothers & Sinisters

16-Adams-FTN-OUTBACK-Reading Quiz

1. Who is the Australian girl-next-door?

2. Who is the housekeeper in the book’s name?

3. What does Killiope do to earn the money needed to pay Gulia to walk Driew home?

4. What object does Killiope use to torment Driew?

5. Who is Driew Qweepie?

6. What project does Driew help his father, Marq, complete?

7. What town did Driew move to?

8. What name does Driew give to the mysterious floating eyes?

9. Where is the entrance to Driew’s workshop?

10. What was the first gift he received from Gulia?

 

READING QUIZ KEY

OUTBACK-Bothers & Sinisters-www.mwa.company

 

“DOWN UNDER: Kussins” Word Search

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DOWN UNDER: Kussins Word Search

Put readers’ skills to the test with our DOWN UNDER reader word search. Can your reader find all the words related to the book, Australian Slang, and the Qweepie Family?

See how many words readers can find and have fun with this free puzzle game. This teaching resource is a fun and easy activity that will keep students happy and save teachers time.

WORD SEARCH KEY

Language of DOWN UNDER by Moment

Language of DOWN UNDER by Moment

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This list is for teachers and parents. Discuss these words with readers before they read each chapter. Readers may have difficulty with words that don’t appear in everyday discussion. Adopting new words and terms builds a better vocabulary to describe reading experiences.

MOMENT ONE: lacrosse

MOMENT TWO: blue, larrikin, tallo, tobacco, water well

MOMENT THREE: bluey, fossick, furphy, mate, stuffed, I’ll be

MOMENT FOUR: Pennyrile

MOMENT FIVE: barbecue, cicada, fella, mob, moolah, Victoria

MOMENT SIX: down under, platypus, puddle-snorts, ta

MOMENT SEVEN: caddywompus, cricket, Darwin, fella, galah, poa, vegemite

MOMENT EIGHT: coydog, digger, galah, malle, Willy Willy, Wolle paper

MOMENT NINE: billa bong, bourbon, mozzie

MOMENT TEN: doovalacky

MOMENT ELEVEN: dingo, marsupial, pig-footed bandicoot

MOMENT THIRTEEN: candlestix, stalactite

MOMENT FOURTEEN: cassowary, joey, Tasmanian tiger

MOMENT SIXTEEN: opal, noodling, stalagmite

MOMENT NINETEEN: noodling

down-under-kussins-3d-book-cover-9781596160385-www-mwa-company-72dpi

For more resources using the Language of the Outback or discussion of Family Tree Novel series, choose these helpful links:

Language of the OUTBACK by Moment

Language of the OUTBACK by Moment

16-OUTBACK-Language_of_the_Outback-By_Moment

This list is for teachers and parents. Discuss these words with readers before they read each chapter. Readers may have difficulty with words that don’t appear in everyday discussion. Adopting new words and terms builds a better vocabulary to describe Outback experiences.

MOMENT ONE:  bothers, G’day, Heterochromia, mate, shonky, sinisters, willy willy

MOMENT TWO:  bloody, boomerang, Kentucky, Outback, shag on a rock

MOMENT FOUR:  furphy, galah, larrikins

MOMENT SIX:  Aussie, Australia, mamaay, momu, sand shoes

MOMENT SEVEN:  sing-song

MOMENT EIGHT:  aints, kussins, Malle, uncools

MOMENT TWELVE:  Billa bing bong boom, bushie

MOMENT FOURTEEN:  water boarder

MOMENT SIXTEEN:  Florida, sunshine state

OUTBACK 3D-book-72DPI-RGB

For more resources using the Language of the Outback or discussion of the OUTBACK book, choose these helpful links:

OUTBACK: Word Search

Reading Group Guide for OUTBACK: Bothers & Sinisters

OUTBACK: Word Search

OUTBACK: Word Search

Put readers’ skills to the test with our OUTBACK reader word search. Can your reader find all the words related to the Outback book, Australian Slang, and the Qweepie Family?

See how many of the Outback words readers can find and have fun with this free puzzle game. This teaching resource is a fun and easy activity that will keep students happy and save teachers time.